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Therapeutic Exercises

Exercises to reduce physical impairments and improve body function

The term therapeutic exercise relates to the treatment of disease or physical disorder, and exercise refers to bodily exertion for the sake of training or improvement of health.
The use of therapeutic exercise in the treatment of injuries has been used from ancient times.The ability of an individual to function independently at home or at workplace is dependent upon physical and psycho-social function. These fundamentals of function are characterized by the following definitions.

  • Balance. The ability to align body segments against gravity to maintain or move the body (center of mass) within the available base of support without falling.
  • Cardiopulmonary fitness. The ability to perform moderate intensity, repetitive, total body movements (walking, jogging, cycling, swimming) over an extended period of time
  • Coordination. the harmonious functioning of interrelated organs and parts; applied especially to the process of the motor apparatus of the brain that provides for the co-working of particular groups of muscles for the performance of definite adaptive useful responses.
  • Flexibility. The ability to move freely, without restriction used interchangeably with mobility.
  • Mobility. The ability of structures or segments of the body to move or be moved in order to allow the occurrence of range of motion (ROM) for functional activities (functional ROM)
  • Muscle performance. The capacity of muscle to produce tension and do physical work. Muscle performance encompasses strength, power, and muscular endurance.
  • Neuromuscular control. Interaction of the sensory and motor systems that enables various body components to work in correct sequence to create coordinated movement.
  • Stability. the quality of maintaining a stable character in the presence of forces threatening to disturb it; resistance to change.

Impairment of any component of the body and subsequent impairment of any aspect of physical function can reduce an individual’s ability to carry his daily activities.

The therapeutic exercise regime involves the application of carefully graded physical stresses and forces on impaired body systems, specific tissues, or individual structures either actively or passively in a controlled way to reduce the physical impairments and improve function.

Therapeutic Exercise Interventions

The types of therapeutic exercise interventions are mentioned as under :

  • Aerobic conditioning
  • Balance training (static & dynamic)
  • Breathing exercises
  • Coordination exercises
  • Gait and locomotion training
  • Neuromuscular re-education
  • Postural stabilization
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Strength, power & endurance exercises