Rotator cuff tears are characterized by pain with activity involving overhead motion. However, the patient is at times awakened at night with pain. The athlete with a chronic rotator cuff tear may experience a gradual loss of strength. Pain may be persistent, occurring even when the arm is at the side.
Rotator cuff muscles are the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles.
Supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle-tendon complexes are the most common tears.