Low back pain is pain felt in the back it is also known as kamar ka dard in hindi language. The pain may originate from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the vertebral column (spine). Internal structures such as the gallbladder and pancreas may also cause referred pain in the back.
The character of back pain indicates its likely tissue of origin. Nonspecific back pain is believed to be due from the soft tissues such as muscles, fascia, and ligaments. Radicular pain with or without spinal stenosis indicates involvement of nervous tissue. Secondary back pain results from a known medical diagnosis such as infection or cancer. Non specific pain indicates that the cause is not known precisely but is believed to be due from the soft tissues such as muscles, fascia, and ligaments.
Back pain, like tooth decay and the common cold, is an affliction that affects a substantial proportion, if not the entire population, at some point in their lives. Nobody is immune to this condition nor its potential disability which does not discriminate by gender, age, race or culture.
It has become one of the leading causes of disability in our society and the cost of treatment has been increasing progressively each year, without any obvious effect on the frequency and severity of the condition.
The search for a cure and the elimination of back pain does not appear to be a viable option at this point in our understanding of back pain.
A reasonable goal, however, is to improve the ability of clinicians to determine thecause of back pain in a substantial proportion of patients, to identify conditions likely to lead to serious disability if not treated promptly, to reduce the symptoms of back pain, to increase functional capacity and to reduce the likelihood of recurrences